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Plurality and Diversity in Law: The Human Rights Paradigm

Book | 1st edition 2023 | United Kingdom | Laurence Burgorgue-Larsen

Diversity and plurality are widely discussed in the contemporary human rights debate, in very different contexts. This book provides a better understanding of those two concepts, analyzing the legal systems of 23 countries – across Africa, Asia and Europe – and of two regional human rights systems (the European and Inter-American systems).

The book highlights two major elements: if there is no doubt that the majority of national legal orders are based on the principles of political liberalism - in other words, if the power of the liberal foundation is indisputable - the fact remains that multiple socio-historical constraints continue to weigh on the States which, for some, find it difficult to overcome the horrors of the past. Beyond the law, it was therefore necessary to take the measure of the reality and difficulties of the legal mechanism to profoundly transform societies divided either by colonization or by war in particular.

As for the power of the liberal foundation of the States, it generates two bold consequences: the neutrality of the State on the one hand and the protection of the rights and freedoms of the individual, but also the collective on the other hand. Indeed, the rights of human beings, like those of members of certain groups, constitute the heart of contemporary constitutional structures. Even if their protection takes different forms according to the legal culture of each country, their centrality is indisputable and essentially revealed by the vectors of dignity and equality, which involve prohibiting all forms of discrimination.

As for the weight of history, it explains the existence of significant differences considering the overall vision of democracy or even the importance of the weight given to a specific religion and/or specific customs. While there is nothing surprising about this element, what is surprising is to note that despite the adoption of constitutions with liberal values, and the promotion of individual and collective rights, some States are still strongly attached to their habits and customs, which can be considered, a priori, to belong to another age.

LAURENCE BURGORGUE-LARSEN is Professor of Law at the Sorbonne Law School (University Paris 1) and Director of the Master 2 degree “Human Rights and the European Union”. She was a member of the Constitutional Court of Andorra from 2012 to 2019, and was the President from 2014 to 2016.

Technical info
More Information
Type of product Book
Format Hardback
EAN / ISSN 9781839703133 / 9781839704000
Series name Ius Comparatum
Weight 1200 g
Status Available
Number of pages xxxiv + 760 p.
Access to exercice No
Publisher Intersentia
Language English
Publication Date May 31, 2023
Available on Jurisquare No
Available on Strada Belgique No
Available on Strada Europe No
Available on Strada Luxembourg No


  • Table of Contents and Front Matter
  • General Report: Plurality and Diversity in the World – Is there Any Ius Commune?
  • Rapport Général : Pluralité et diversité a travers le monde – Existe-t-il un Ius Commune ?
  • Argentina
  • Belgium
  • Brazil
  • Canada-Anglophone
  • Canada-Québec
  • Côte d’Ivoire
  • Czech Republic
  • European Human Rights System
  • Germany
  • Greece
  • Inter-American Human Rights System
  • Italie
  • Japan
  • Mexico
  • Peru
  • Sénégal
  • South Africa
  • Spain
  • Tunisie
  • Turkey
  • United States
  • Vietnam
  • Appendix: Questionnaire
  • Index