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Virtual currencies: a legal framework

Book | 1st edition 2018 | Belgium | Niels Vandezande

In the last few years, the cryptocurrency bitcoin has repeatedly made worldwide headlines with its fluctuations in value and the uncertainty regarding the legal framework under which it operates. While bitcoin has swiftly become the foremost example of a virtual currency, it is by no means the only one. In-game currencies and currencies used as part of a loyalty scheme are examples as of other forms of virtual currencies. Moreover, new forms of virtual currency used mainly for investment purposes – derived from cryptocurrencies such as bitcoin – are rapidly gaining hold.
This book focuses on the legal aspects of virtual currencies from the perspective of financial and economic law. It establishes a typology of virtual currencies and assesses whether they can be considered as money. The author analyzes whether the EU legal frameworks on electronic money, payment services, anti-money laundering, and markets in financial instruments can be applied to virtual currencies. A functional comparison is made to the US, where more regulatory initiative has been identified. The book concludes by answering the question of whether – and how – virtual currencies should be regulated within the EU.

Digital version available on :

  • Strada lex Belgium

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Technical info
More Information
Type of product Book
Format Hardback
EAN / ISSN 9781780686752 / 9781780686967
Series name KU Leuven Centre for IT & IP Law Series
Weight 990 g
Status Available
Number of pages xix + 500 p.
Access to exercice No
Publisher Intersentia
Language English
Publication Date Jun 4, 2018
Available on Jurisquare No
Available on Strada Belgique Yes
Available on Strada Europe No
Available on Strada Luxembourg No


  • Table of contents and preliminary pages
    Niels Vandezande
  • Introduction
    Niels Vandezande
  • Part I. Conceptual Analysis
  • Chapter I. Typology and Terminology of Virtual Currencies
    Niels Vandezande
  • Chapter II. Elements of Trust
    Niels Vandezande
  • Chapter III. Perspectives of Money
    Niels Vandezande
  • Part II. Legal Analysis
  • Chapter IV. E-Money and Payment Serives in the EU
    Niels Vandezande
  • Chapter V. Anti-Money Laundering in the EU
    Niels Vandezande
  • Chapter VI. Financial Instruments in the EU
    Niels Vandezande
  • Chapter VII. Virtual Currencies and Service Providers in the US
    Niels Vandezande
  • Part III. Conclusion
  • Chapter VIII. Integration, Assessment, Conclusions, and Recommendations
    Niels Vandezande